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Discussion Question:

What biological, psychological, environmental, socio-cultural, behavioral, and health system factors might be contributing to the failure of LGBT to use health care services? What population health nursing interventions might promote more effective use of services?

Your initial posting should be at least 400 words in length and utilize at least one scholarly source other than the textbook.


In this assignment, you will develop two separate infographics (informative posters) to discuss two separate health issues relevant to the LGBT communities. In each infographic you will discuss:

  • What is the health problem?
  • Which group(s) are most likely to be at risk?
  • What social/behavioral/health system determinants affect this?
  • Identify at least two potential interventions/activities the community, community health agency, community health nurse could offer to prevent and or support this health issue
  • What resistance might be met in implementing the intervention/activity?

View these links on how to create infographics:

  • https://www.visme.co/make-infographics/
  • http://blog.hubspot.com/blog/tabid/6307/bid/34223/5-Infographics-to-Teach-You-How-to-Easily-Create-Infographics-in-PowerPoint-TEMPLATES.aspx
  • http://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/free-ppt-infographic-templates-designs-ht

You should submit two infographics and one reference list containing at least three scholarly sources. These can be submitted as three separate files.

Expert Solution Preview


The failure of LGBT individuals to utilize healthcare services can be attributed to a variety of factors, including biological, psychological, environmental, socio-cultural, behavioral, and health system factors. Understanding these factors is crucial for identifying barriers to healthcare access and developing population health nursing interventions that can promote more effective use of services. This discussion will explore the different factors contributing to the failure of LGBT individuals to use health care services and propose potential interventions to address these issues.

Biological Factors:
Biological factors influencing healthcare utilization among LGBT individuals may include higher prevalence of certain health conditions, such as mental health disorders or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), that can create barriers to seeking care. For example, stigma and discrimination experienced by LGBT individuals can exacerbate mental health issues such as anxiety or depression, leading to reluctance in seeking help.

Psychological Factors:
Psychological factors encompass the emotional and cognitive components influencing healthcare utilization. Many LGBT individuals may experience internalized stigma, low self-esteem, or fear of rejection, causing them to perceive healthcare settings as unwelcoming or judgmental. This can lead to avoidance of healthcare services and delay in seeking necessary care.

Environmental Factors:
Environmental factors refer to the external context in which LGBT individuals live. Living in areas with limited access to healthcare services, especially specialized care for LGBT individuals, can create significant barriers. Additionally, discriminatory laws and policies may contribute to a hostile environment that deters LGBT individuals from seeking healthcare.

Socio-cultural Factors:
Socio-cultural factors encompass the societal and cultural norms influencing healthcare utilization. LGBT individuals often face social isolation, familial rejection, or lack of support networks, which can negatively impact their willingness to seek healthcare. Discrimination and prejudice from healthcare providers or other patients can also discourage them from accessing care.

Behavioral Factors:
Behavioral factors reflect individual choices and actions that can affect healthcare utilization. Some LGBT individuals may engage in higher-risk behaviors, such as substance abuse or unsafe sexual practices, due to stress, discrimination, or lack of access to appropriate healthcare resources. These behaviors can further contribute to healthcare disparities.

Health System Factors:
Health system factors include both structural and organizational aspects of healthcare settings. Lack of LGBT-inclusive policies, inadequate provider training on LGBT healthcare needs, and insensitive or discriminatory practices within healthcare settings can create significant barriers to care. Cost and insurance coverage issues may also limit access to necessary healthcare services.

Population Health Nursing Interventions:
To promote more effective use of healthcare services among LGBT individuals, population health nursing interventions should address the identified factors contributing to the failure of healthcare utilization. Some potential interventions include:

1. Enhancing healthcare provider training: Develop and implement comprehensive training programs to increase healthcare providers’ knowledge, skills, and cultural competence in providing LGBT-inclusive care. This can help reduce stigma, discrimination, and bias within healthcare settings.

2. Creating LGBT-friendly healthcare environments: Foster welcoming and inclusive healthcare environments by implementing policies that protect LGBT patients from discrimination, promoting open communication, and displaying visible symbols of inclusivity (e.g., LGBT-friendly signage).

3. Establishing community-based support programs: Collaborate with community organizations to establish support programs that provide safe spaces, peer support, and resources for LGBT individuals. These programs can help reduce social isolation and facilitate access to healthcare services.

4. Promoting health education and outreach: Develop targeted health education campaigns and outreach programs that raise awareness about LGBT-specific health issues, the importance of regular healthcare visits, and available resources. This can help address misconceptions and improve healthcare-seeking behaviors.

Resistance to Intervention Implementation:
Implementing interventions aimed at promoting more effective use of healthcare services among LGBT individuals may face resistance. This resistance can stem from various sources, including conservative societal attitudes, conflicting religious beliefs, lack of political will, and resistance from healthcare providers who may be resistant to change or lack awareness of the specific needs of LGBT communities. Overcoming these barriers requires advocacy, policy changes, and ongoing education to promote understanding and acceptance.

In conclusion, the failure of LGBT individuals to utilize healthcare services can be attributed to a complex interplay of biological, psychological, environmental, socio-cultural, behavioral, and health system factors. Addressing these factors through population health nursing interventions can help remove barriers to care and promote more effective use of healthcare services among LGBT communities. It is crucial for healthcare providers and policymakers to work collaboratively to create inclusive and affirming healthcare environments that meet the unique needs of LGBT individuals.