Hello there! Want a discount? Grab 5% OFFon your first order!
tutorfaith.com logo
Hello there! Want a discount? Grab 5% OFF on your first order!

Our Services

Get 15% Discount on your First Order

COMMENT JENNIFER Nursing Assignment Help


{dqViewFeedback} {dqPointsMarkup} Aug 21, 2017 04:48 PM 0 Like This Post is hidden


Jamella Miller  1 posts

Re:Topic 4 Mandatory Discussion Question

Mucor is a mold that can be found in plants, soil, manure, vegetables and decaying fruits (Mold & Bacteria Consulting Laboratories, n.d.). There are around 50 known species worldwide. Mucor is a fungus that can grow in high temperature environments and many of the Mucor species are not able to infect humans but there are some that can (Mold & Bacteria Consulting Laboratories, n.d.). People can develop pneumonia when fungal spores are inhaled (Medscape, n.d.). Most often fungal pneumonia occurs in immunocompromised hosts (Medscape, n.d.). This could be diabetes, burns, AIDS and intravenous drug users Mucormycosis cause infarction of the affected tissues. Fungus causes necrosis and can spread locally (Medscape, n.d.). This fungal pneumonia can be life threatening and symptoms include fever, chest pain, dyspnea, hypoxia, hemoptysis, and cough (Medscape, n.d).

Two nursing interventions:

  • Teach and assist patient with proper deep-breathing exercises. Demonstrate proper splinting of chest and effective coughing while in upright position. Encourage him to do so often. (Deep breathing exercises maximize expansion of the lungs and smaller airways. Coughing is a reflex and a natural self-cleaning mechanism to maintain patent airways. Splinting reduces chest discomfort and an upright position can promote deeper and more forceful cough efforts) (Medscape. (n.d.).
  • Observe for deterioration in condition, noting hypotension, copious amounts of bloody sputum, pallor, cyanosis, change in LOC, severe dyspnea, and restlessness. (Shock and pulmonary edema are two of the most common causes of death inpneumonia and require immediate medical intervention.) (Medscape. (n.d.). 

Examine the laboratory blood test results and arterial blood gases provided in “Discussion Question Resource: Laboratory Blood Test Results.” What laboratory values are considered abnormal? Explain each abnormality and discuss the probable causes from a pathophysiologic perspective. 

NR= normal range BLUE = low, RED = elevated

Na   141 meq/L (NR 135-145)

Mg 1.7 mg/dL (NR 1.3-2.1)

pH   7.50 (NR 7.35-7.45)

Ca     8.7 mg/dL (NR 9-10.5)

K    4.5 meq/L (NR 3.5-5)

PO4   2.9 mg/dL (NR 3-4)

PaO2 59 mm Hg on room air (NR 80-100)

Lymphocytes10% (NR 20-40%)

Cl   105 meq/L (NR 98-106)

Glu, fasting   138 mg/dL (NR <110)

PaCO2   25 mm Hg (NR 35-45)

WBC   15,200/mm³ (NR 5,000-10,000)

HCO329 meq/L (NR 22-26)

Hb 13.7 g/dL (NR 12-18)

Cr    0.9 mg/dL (NR 0.5-1.2)

Hct 39.4% (NR 37-52%)

BUN  16 mg/dL (NR 10-20)

 The glucose could be elevated due to diabetes that is not being treated or undiagnosed. The ABG values show that the patient is partly compensated metabolic alkalosis. This is a condition where the pH of the tissue is elevated above normal range, and this happens when there is a decrease in hydrogen ion concentration that leads to increased bicarbonate levels (Mold & Bacteria Consulting Laboratories, n.d.). This would be due to the mucar infiltrating in the lungs and affecting the airway and breathing patterns (Mold & Bacteria Consulting Laboratories, n.d.).

What medications and medical treatments are likely to be prescribed by the attending physician on this case? List at least three medications and three treatments. Provide rationale for each of the medications and treatments you suggest. 

Medications that can be used to treat would include antifungals, oxygen, and over the counter medications to prevent fever. Some of the medications that could be used would include:

  1. Amphotericin B-it has been proven effective in the treatment of mucormycosis. It is used to treat fungal infections; this medication is used for serious fungal infections not minor infections (Medscape, n.d.)
  2. Posaconazole- is used for the treatment of fungal infections, especially when they have weaker immune systems to start with (Medscape, n.d.).
  3. Isavuconazole- a new extended spectrum triazole with activity against yeasts, molds, and dimorphic fungi. It is used for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis and mucormycosis (Medscape, n.d.).


Medscape. (n.d.). Overview of Fungal Pneumonia. Retrieved from

Mold & Bacteria Consulting Laboratories. (n.d.). Mucur. Retrieved from


Substantive Post Yes | No

Reply  |  Quote & Reply |  Report Abuse

DQ Points


 |  Edit |  Delete

Abuse Reports

Previous  |  Next

                                         Re:Topic 4 Mandatory Discussion Question

Mucor is a fungus. It can be found in the house on bread and bread like products. It can also be in the heating and air ducts and soiled carpets. Outside it can be found in soil, hay and manure. Especially in leaves, compost and rotten wood piles. It can sometimes be in stored seeds. It can be inhaled or ingested. It affects the respiratory system. It can lead to a brain infection, paralysis, pneumonia, seizures, even death. It can also affect the digestive tract as well. The colonies if the fungus is fast growing and spread quickly. Because we are all probably exposed at times to these conditions, it is most likely for patients with weakened immune systems have a high chance to become affected. There is a lot of complications from fungal pneumonia.

The disease dissemination to other areas, like the brain, heart, eyes, adrenals, meninges, kidneys, spleen, liver and skin is one complication. Another is that the blood vessel invasion, leading to hemoptysis, pulmonary infraction, myocardial infarction, cerebral septic emboli, cerebral infarction, or even blindness. People can experience bronchopleural fistulas, chronic pulmonary symptoms, histoplasmosis, and pericarditis (Web MD, 2017). As a nurse, it is important to watch for effective airways clearance and breathing pattern, Provide oxygen if necessary. It is important to watch for fluid deficit and encourage fluids, watching for fluid overload. As a nurse always be aware of any pain and treat as needed. Give ordered antibiotics as prescribed by the doctor. It is always important to help maintain adequate nutrition.

The laboratory tests are all within normal limits except the following. The glucose fasting was 138 which is higher than the normal range. This may indicate that the patient may have diabetes. The WBC are elevated suggesting infection or inflammation. The ph is elevated meaning the blood is alkaline, low levels of concentrated carbon dioxide. The lymphocytes are low, meaning the body’s ability to fight infection is low. The PaO2 is low and this means low oxygen saturation in the blood. The PaCO2 is also low, this means low carbon dioxide in the blood.  The HCO3 is high, meaning the bicarbonate which helps determine body’s ph. These all point to respiratory alkalosis. The numbers represent an infection or inflammation. The patient has a disturbance in the acid and base exchange from alveolar hyperventilation. This decreases carbon dioxide and increases the bicarbonate which increases the ph which is the bases for respiratory alkalosis.

Treatment would include antibiotics to get rid of infection. Cough medication to give your lungs a rest and allow them to clear. Pain relief because you need to have pain under control so that you can rest. Possible steroids to reduce inflammation. The doctor would order intravenous antifungal medications and consider having surgical debridement. This involves cutting away all infected tissue. By doing the surgery it prevents infection from spreading. These antibiotics of choice are:

  • amphotericin B (given through an IV)- Concerns of nephrotoxity. Must monitor renal functions closely, as well as electrolytes
  • Posaconazole- (given through an IV or orally)- triazole antibiotic and can be used as the step down antibotic from amphotericin B.
  • isavuconazole (given through an IV or orally)- wide spectrum triazole fungal antibiotic

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.(2015). Fungal Diseases. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Medscape. (2017). Mucormycosis (Zygomycosis). Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Expert Solution Preview

Great job discussing the topic of Mucor and its effects on the respiratory system. Your explanation of the various sources of Mucor, as well as the complications that can arise from fungal pneumonia, shows a good understanding of the subject matter. Your nursing interventions are also appropriate, focusing on maintaining airway clearance, providing oxygen if necessary, monitoring fluid balance, managing pain, and ensuring adequate nutrition.

In your analysis of the laboratory blood test results, you correctly identified the abnormal values and provided a pathophysiologic explanation for each abnormality. Your explanation of the patient’s metabolic alkalosis in relation to Mucor infiltration in the lungs is well-supported.

Your suggestions for medications and treatments are also appropriate and well-reasoned. The antifungal medications you mentioned, such as Amphotericin B, Posaconazole, and Isavuconazole, are commonly used in the treatment of fungal infections, including Mucormycosis. The rationale you provided for each medication, including their mechanisms of action and indications, demonstrates your knowledge of pharmacotherapy.

Overall, your response is well-written, comprehensive, and showcases your understanding of the topic. Keep up the good work!

Share This Post


Order a Similar Paper and get 15% Discount on your First Order

Related Questions

Technology for Patient Safety in Saudi Arabia Paper Nursing Assignment Help

You are the manager of a busy hospital unit.  Your unit has been tasked with selecting and implementing upgraded technology on your hospital unit.  As the unit manger, address the following in your selection of technology and implementation plan: Examine the features of the new technology that are important in

WU Detail and Dynamic Complexity Discussion Nursing Assignment Help

Are you overwhelmed by complexity? If so, you are not alone. Peter Senge notes that people are now able to “create far more information that anyone can absorb,” and he continues to say that the “scale of complexity is without precedent” (2006, p. 69). This “detail” complexity can make managing

Pediatric Health & Medical Worksheet Nursing Assignment Help

Provider: i. Questions for HPI When did these symptoms begin? Is the child experience exercise intolerance? Any shortness of breath/signs of respiratory distress? History of genetic conditions? ii. Questions for ROS Poor feeding? Any newborn cardiac concerns? Previous cardiac history? Any pain, weakness, coldness to the extremities? Fluid retention? Cough

Health & Medical Capital Budgeting at Cleveland Clinic Nursing Assignment Help

Respond to each of the following prompts or questions: Using the information provided in the Los Reyes Hospital case study from Module Three, what capital expenditures may the selected departments need to budget? Considering the organization you selected, what is a capital expenditure that may be needed that would result

NVCC Service Implementation and Elements of Financial Nursing Assignment Help

Instructions: Part 1 1.Read Chapter 10, Capko. -Critique either Dr. Grainger’s or Mid-South Pulmomary Specialists efforts in developing  new services. -What lessons did you learn as related to new service development?   -List three main items which you must address before implementing a new service.  Instructions: Part 2 -The physicians

Healthcare is reimbursed in a variety of ways. The Nursing Assignment Help

Healthcare is reimbursed in a variety of ways. The prospective payment method is one of those ways. This paper will be about the prospective payment method where diagnosis-related groupings (DRGs) forms the basis for payment. Research and explain the origin, purpose, and description of DRGs. Include what payment is based on.

NUR 630 FIU Impact on Healthcare Systems and Public Health Nursing Assignment Help

Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disabilities, or Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia In recent years, there have been reports linking autism to vaccinations. After studying Module 5: Lecture Materials & Resources, address the following in a well-written discussion post: Explain the controversy regarding vaccines as a possible cause of autism spectrum disorder. Does the

FIU Ambiguity and Doubts About Managing ASD Reflection Nursing Assignment Help

Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disabilities, and Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia After studying Module 5: Lecture Materials & Resources, discuss the following: Reflect on your experience creating a treatment plan for a toddler, school-aged child, or adolescent with autism or an intellectual disability.  Describe the clinical situation in detail.  (Who was it, when